If your swimming pool has low pH and alkaline levels, read on to know how to raise pH and alkalinity in pool in 5 easy steps!
First and foremost, let’s get one thing straight — why is it important to raise the pH and alkaline levels of your pool?
To answer it straight, safety and health are the two reasons.
Maintaining your swimming pool does not stop in making sure you clean it regularly. Water chemistry is also important, and the pH and alkaline levels are two things that you should constantly check.
- What Is pH Level?
- What Happens If The Water Has Low pH Level?
- How To Raise pH And Alkalinity In Pool?
What Is pH Level?
The term pH means the power of hydrogen. The pH level tells you how basic or acidic your pool water is. The ph range goes from 0 t 14 and 7 is the neutral point. If the pH level drops below 7, then the water is already acidic. The lower it gets, the higher the acidity level is.
On the other hand, if the level is above 7, then the water is basic or the more alkaline the water has. This translates to water having excess negative hydroxide ions
Ideally, the pool water should be a little bit alkaline. The recommended pH level should sit between 7.2 to 7.6. Any number lower than that means the water has too much positive hydroxide ions.
What Happens If The Water Has Low pH Level?
Since low PH levels mean high acidity level, this poses health risks to the swimmers.
Just imagine getting your skin exposed to acid, it burns and causes discomfort. The more acidic the water is, the more damaging it is to your health.
The top negative effects of acidic water are listed below:
Itchiness And Dryness
Acid makes our skin dry and itchy. It dissolves the natural oil of our skin, scalp, and even eyes. Therefore, the longer the exposure is, the greater the damage.
If you dive in the pool and it stings a lot when you try to open your eyes underwater, this is an indication that the water has gone too acidic. You need to shock the pool or treat it with chemicals to raise the pH level.
Not only does the acidic water damages our skin, but it also causes corrosion, especially on the metal components of the pool.
If you use a aluminum or any metal-based pool ladders and other pool equipment, then the more cautious you should be when it comes to the acidity level of your pool water.
Poor Water Circulation
If the pool components and equipment such as pool filter and the pump is exposed to acidic water for a longer period of time, it may damage its internal mechanism.
What does it entail? It means the pool pump may no longer work efficiently, which in turn causes poor water circulation. Poor water circulation can then cause other pool problems such as pool algae.
How To Raise pH And Alkalinity In Pool?
Check out the steps on how to raise the pH and alkalinity in the pool:
1. Test The Water Using A Test Strip.
Before you even decide which pool chemicals to use, you must test the pool water first and determine its current pH level. This will guide you on how much chemicals you need to raise the PH level of the water.
You also need to check the alkalinity of the water. Ideally, the alkaline level of the pool water should sit between 80 to 120 parts per million.
Fortunately, water test strips nowadays are color codes, so you can easily check the levels.
2. Choose The Chemicals To Use.
The two common pool chemicals to use to raise the pH level are sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and sodium carbonate (soda ash). Both are in powder form and need to be dissolved in water first.
3. Dissolve The Chemicals In A Bucket With Pool Water.
Get a bucket and fill it with pool water. Dissolve the sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate and mix well. Follow the chemicals specific instructions on how much you need, which usually depends on how much the volume of your pool water is.
4. Turn Off The Pool Pump And Add The Mixture To The Water.
Turn off the swimming pool equipment such as the pump and the skimmers or vacuum. This prevents the chemicals from being suck in the skimmers and allows it to bond with the water first.
5. Turn On The Pool Filtration.
Once you are sure that the chemical is well mixed. Turn on the filtration system and let the pool water circulate in one full cycle.
Repeat steps until you get the ideal pH and alkalinity level.